HIGH RISK PREGNANCY

Most of the time having a baby is a natural process. After a full -term pregnancy, a woman goes into labour on or near her due date and gives birth to a healthy baby. A day or two later she leaves the hospital to begin day-to-day life with her growing family. But not all pregnancies go smoothly. Some women experience what doctors refer to as a high-risk pregnancy. A pregnancy is considered high-risk when there are potential complications that could affect the mother, the baby, or both. High-risk pregnancies require management by a specialist to help ensure the best outcome for the mother and baby.

Maternal Age – One of the most common risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy is the age of the mother-to-be. Women who will be under age 17 or over age 35 when their baby is due are at greater risk of complications than those between their late teens and early 30s. The risk of miscarriage and genetic defects further increases after age 40.

Medical conditions before pregnancy – Medical conditions that exist before pregnancy. Conditions such as high blood pressure; lung, kidney, heart problems; diabetes; autoimmune disease; sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); or chronic infections such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can present risks for the mother and/or her unborn baby. A history of miscarriage, problems with a previous pregnancy or pregnancies or a family history of genetic disorders are also risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy.

Medical conditions during pregnancy – Even if you are healthy when you become pregnant, it is possible to develop or be diagnosed with problems during pregnancy that can affect you and your baby.

Pregnancy-related issues – Often a pregnancy is classified as high risk because of issues that arise from the pregnancy itself and that have little to do with the mother’s health. These include:

  • Premature labor is labor that begins before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Although there is no way to know which women will experience preterm labor or birth, there are factors that place women at higher risk, such as certain infections, a shortened cervix, or previous preterm birth.
  • Multiple births mean you are carrying more than one baby (twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc.). Multiple pregnancies, which are more common as women are using more infertility treatments, increase the risk of premature labor, gestational diabetes, and pregnancy-induced high blood pressure.
  • Placenta previa is a condition in which the placenta covers the cervix. The condition can cause bleeding, especially if a woman has contractions. If the placenta still covers the cervix close to delivery, the doctor may schedule a cesarean section to reduce bleeding risks to the mother and baby.
  • Fetal problems, which can sometimes be seen on ultrasound.Approximately 2% to 3% of all babies have a minor or major structural problem in development. Sometimes there may be a family history of fetal problems, but other times these problems are completely unexpected.

Preventing and Treating Pregnancy Complications
Even if you don’t have an existing health problem, many doctors recommend a preconception appointment with your health-care provider to ensure you are as healthy as you can be before you become pregnant. At this appointment your doctor may recommend steps you can take to reduce the risk of certain problems. These include:

  • Getting at least 400 micrograms of folic acid daily beginning before and continuing through pregnancy
  • Getting proper immunizations
  • Eating a healthy diet and maintaining proper weight
  • Getting regular physical activity, unless advised otherwise by your doctor
  • Avoiding cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs (except for medications approved by your doctor)
  • See your doctor regularly

ABOUT APOLLO CRADLE, GURUGRAM

At Apollo Cradle, Gurugram, we are committed to helping women lead healthy lives. Apart from providing support and ensuring safety of mothers during childbirth, our Obstetric & Gynecological care goes beyond pregnancy to focus on improving women’s health at all stages of life.
 

OTHER SPECIALTIES

cradle-blue-icon   MATERNITY / OBSTETRICS

cradle-blue-icon   NEONATAL ICU

cradle-blue-icon   GYNAE SURGERY

cradle-blue-icon   PAEDIATRICS

cradle-blue-icon   PAEDIATRIC SURGERY

cradle-blue-icon   SPECIALTY CLINICS

Mob: +91 98188-50835Phone: 0124-4797600